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XHTML 1.0 Latin-1 Character References

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This section of the site features articles published between 2002 and 2004. They remain here for reference purposes and may contain information that is out of date.

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Introduction

This article details the Latin-1 character references and corresponding entity references available to your XHTML 1.0 documents. This is the first of a series of three articles detailing each of the three sets laid out in the XHTML DTDs.

An explanation of character references will be given in part two of my article XHTML Web Design for Beginners. I decided to release these tables as separate articles in order to make them easily accessible to those who don't want to read the series.

What the columns mean

The first column gives the named version of the entity, the second is the named entity itself. This allows you to see if that character reference works in the browser you are using to view this document via the named entity.

The third column gives the numeric entity, the fourth is the numeric entity itself. This allows you to see if that character reference works in the browser you are using to view this document via the numeric entity.

The fifth column is the description of the entity as found in the XHTML 1.0 DTDs at http://www.w3.org/TR/xhtml1/dtds.html#a_dtd_Latin-1_characters.

Entity Reference Test Character Reference Test Description
        no-break space = non-breaking space, U+00A0 ISOnum
¡ ¡ ¡ ¡ inverted exclamation mark, U+00A1 ISOnum
¢ ¢ ¢ ¢ cent sign, U+00A2 ISOnum
£ £ £ £ pound sign, U+00A3 ISOnum
¤ ¤ ¤ ¤ currency sign, U+00A4 ISOnum
¥ ¥ ¥ ¥ yen sign = yuan sign, U+00A5 ISOnum
¦ ¦ ¦ ¦ broken bar = broken vertical bar, U+00A6 ISOnum
§ § § § section sign, U+00A7 ISOnum
¨ ¨ ¨ ¨ diaeresis = spacing diaeresis, U+00A8 ISOdia
© © © © copyright sign, U+00A9 ISOnum
ª ª ª ª feminine ordinal indicator, U+00AA ISOnum
« « « « left-pointing double angle quotation mark = left pointing guillemet, U+00AB ISOnum
¬ ¬ ¬ ¬ not sign = angled dash, U+00AC ISOnum
­ ­ ­ ­ soft hyphen = discretionary hyphen, U+00AD ISOnum
® ® ® ® registered sign = registered trade mark sign, U+00AE ISOnum
¯ ¯ ¯ ¯ macron = spacing macron = overline = APL overbar, U+00AF ISOdia
° ° ° ° degree sign, U+00B0 ISOnum
± ± ± ± plus-minus sign = plus-or-minus sign, U+00B1 ISOnum
² ² ² ² superscript two = superscript digit two = squared, U+00B2 ISOnum
³ ³ ³ ³ superscript three = superscript digit three = cubed, U+00B3 ISOnum
´ ´ ´ ´ acute accent = spacing acute, U+00B4 ISOdia
µ µ µ µ micro sign, U+00B5 ISOnum
¶ ¶ pilcrow sign = paragraph sign, U+00B6 ISOnum
· · · · middle dot = Georgian comma = Greek middle dot, U+00B7 ISOnum
¸ ¸ ¸ ¸ cedilla = spacing cedilla, U+00B8 ISOdia
¹ ¹ ¹ ¹ superscript one = superscript digit one, U+00B9 ISOnum
º º º º masculine ordinal indicator, U+00BA ISOnum
» » » » right-pointing double angle quotation mark = right pointing guillemet, U+00BB ISOnum
¼ ¼ ¼ ¼ vulgar fraction one quarter = fraction one quarter, U+00BC ISOnum
½ ½ ½ ½ vulgar fraction one half = fraction one half, U+00BD ISOnum
¾ ¾ ¾ ¾ vulgar fraction three quarters = fraction three quarters, U+00BE ISOnum
¿ ¿ ¿ ¿ inverted question mark = turned question mark, U+00BF ISOnum
À À À À latin capital letter A with grave = latin capital letter A grave, U+00C0 ISOlat1
Á Á Á Á latin capital letter A with acute, U+00C1 ISOlat1
    latin capital letter A with circumflex, U+00C2 ISOlat1
à à à à latin capital letter A with tilde, U+00C3 ISOlat1
Ä Ä Ä Ä latin capital letter A with diaeresis, U+00C4 ISOlat1
Å Å Å Å latin capital letter A with ring above = latin capital letter A ring, U+00C5 ISOlat1
Æ Æ Æ Æ latin capital letter AE = latin capital ligature AE, U+00C6 ISOlat1
Ç Ç Ç Ç latin capital letter C with cedilla, U+00C7 ISOlat1
È È È È latin capital letter E with grave, U+00C8 ISOlat1
É É É É latin capital letter E with acute, U+00C9 ISOlat1
Ê Ê Ê Ê latin capital letter E with circumflex, U+00CA ISOlat1
Ë Ë Ë Ë latin capital letter E with diaeresis, U+00CB ISOlat1
Ì Ì Ì Ì latin capital letter I with grave, U+00CC ISOlat1
Í Í Í Í latin capital letter I with acute, U+00CD ISOlat1
Î Î Î Î latin capital letter I with circumflex, U+00CE ISOlat1
Ï Ï Ï Ï latin capital letter I with diaeresis, U+00CF ISOlat1
Ð Ð Ð Ð latin capital letter ETH, U+00D0 ISOlat1
Ñ Ñ Ñ Ñ latin capital letter N with tilde, U+00D1 ISOlat1
Ò Ò Ò Ò latin capital letter O with grave, U+00D2 ISOlat1
Ó Ó Ó Ó latin capital letter O with acute, U+00D3 ISOlat1
Ô Ô Ô Ô latin capital letter O with circumflex, U+00D4 ISOlat1
Õ Õ Õ Õ latin capital letter O with tilde, U+00D5 ISOlat1
Ö Ö Ö Ö latin capital letter O with diaeresis, U+00D6 ISOlat1
× × × × multiplication sign, U+00D7 ISOnum
Ø Ø Ø Ø latin capital letter O with stroke = latin capital letter O slash, U+00D8 ISOlat1
Ù Ù Ù Ù latin capital letter U with grave, U+00D9 ISOlat1
Ú Ú Ú Ú latin capital letter U with acute, U+00DA ISOlat1
Û Û Û Û latin capital letter U with circumflex, U+00DB ISOlat1
Ü Ü Ü Ü latin capital letter U with diaeresis, U+00DC ISOlat1
Ý Ý Ý Ý latin capital letter Y with acute, U+00DD ISOlat1
Þ Þ Þ Þ latin capital letter THORN, U+00DE ISOlat1
ß ß ß ß latin small letter sharp s = ess-zed, U+00DF ISOlat1
à à à à latin small letter a with grave = latin small letter a grave, U+00E0 ISOlat1
á á á á latin small letter a with acute, U+00E1 ISOlat1
â â â â latin small letter a with circumflex, U+00E2 ISOlat1
ã ã ã ã latin small letter a with tilde, U+00E3 ISOlat1
ä ä ä ä latin small letter a with diaeresis, U+00E4 ISOlat1
å å å å latin small letter a with ring above = latin small letter a ring, U+00E5 ISOlat1
æ æ æ æ latin small letter ae = latin small ligature ae, U+00E6 ISOlat1
ç ç ç ç latin small letter c with cedilla, U+00E7 ISOlat1
è è è è latin small letter e with grave, U+00E8 ISOlat1
é é é é latin small letter e with acute, U+00E9 ISOlat1
ê ê ê ê latin small letter e with circumflex, U+00EA ISOlat1
ë ë ë ë latin small letter e with diaeresis, U+00EB ISOlat1
ì ì ì ì latin small letter i with grave, U+00EC ISOlat1
í í í í latin small letter i with acute, U+00ED ISOlat1
î î î î latin small letter i with circumflex, U+00EE ISOlat1
ï ï ï ï latin small letter i with diaeresis, U+00EF ISOlat1
ð ð ð ð latin small letter eth, U+00F0 ISOlat1
ñ ñ ñ ñ latin small letter n with tilde, U+00F1 ISOlat1
ò ò ò ò latin small letter o with grave, U+00F2 ISOlat1
ó ó ó ó latin small letter o with acute, U+00F3 ISOlat1
ô ô ô ô latin small letter o with circumflex, U+00F4 ISOlat1
õ õ õ õ latin small letter o with tilde, U+00F5 ISOlat1
ö ö ö ö latin small letter o with diaeresis, U+00F6 ISOlat1
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ division sign, U+00F7 ISOnum
ø ø ø ø latin small letter o with stroke, = latin small letter o slash, U+00F8 ISOlat1
ù ù ù ù latin small letter u with grave, U+00F9 ISOlat1
ú ú ú ú latin small letter u with acute, U+00FA ISOlat1
û û û û latin small letter u with circumflex, U+00FB ISOlat1
ü ü ü ü latin small letter u with diaeresis, U+00FC ISOlat1
ý ý ý ý latin small letter y with acute, U+00FD ISOlat1
þ þ þ þ latin small letter thorn, U+00FE ISOlat1
ÿ ÿ ÿ ÿ latin small letter y with diaeresis, U+00FF ISOlat1

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